Economic Analysis of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Production in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

K. A. Jatto
S. A. Adeoye
O. O. Oke


The study examined the economic analysis of Cassava production in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State. Multistage random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 180 respondents for the study. Data collected were analyzed with descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentages,  and chats while inferential statistics used were budgetary techniques and regression analysis. The results showed that majority of the respondents (83.9%) were males, 75.6% of the farmers were married and 83.3% of the respondents were having family size of 4-9. Majority of the respondents (88.3%) had formal education, 80.5% of the respondents had farming experience of more than16 years. Costs and returns for cassava production were analyzed with budgetary techniques and the result revealed that for a hectare of cassava there was gross margin of  ₦72,318.75 Kobo and the net profit of ₦64,575.00Kobo with a cost benefit ratio of ₦1.85Kobo implying that for every ₦1.00 invested in cassava production, there was corresponding profit of 85Kobo. Nevertheless, the result further showed there was no efficient allocation of variable inputs (resource) due to negative coefficients of these explanatory variables but there was significant relationship to the net profit of the cassava farmers in the study area. Therefore, there is need for cassava farmers to improve on their resource allocation to make their production robust and to boost their productivity. The study further recommended that the cassava farmers should be trained on latest innovative practices in cassava production and proper advisory services must be given to them by the subject matter specialists on resource allocation for optimal profitability in their production in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria.

Article Details



Abdoulaye, T., Abbas, A., Maziya-Dixon, B., Tarawali, G., Okechukwu, R., Rusike, J., Alene, A., Manyong, V. and Ayedun, B. (2014). Awareness and Adoption of Improved Cassava Varieties and Processing Technologies in Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 6 (2): 67 – 75.
Adebayo, K., Anyanwu, A.C. and Osiyale, A.O. (2003). Perception of Environmental Issues by Cassava Production Processors in Ogun State, Nigeria: Implications for Environmental Extension Education. Journal of Extension Systems. 19 (1): 103-112
Adeola, A.O. and Oluwafemi, R.A. (2014). A blueprint for agricultural development in Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Agricultural and Apicultural Research. 10 (1 & 2): 112-128 Available at>view
Amadi, C. (2013). Cassava research by National Root Crops Research Institute Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria. Available at>cassava-research
Arene, C.J. and Mbate, (2008) Determinant of profitability and willingness to pay for metropolitan waste-use in urban agriculture of the federal territory Abuja Nigeria. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension 7(1) 41-46
Atoloye, A.T., Ogunba, B.O., Samuel, F.O. (2015). Spatial pattern of household food insecurity and childhood malnutrition in Akinyele Local Government Area, Nigeria. International Journal of Health Sciences 3 (1): 235-250 Available at>journals>ijhs
Bakut, P.M. (2013). Factors Influencing Adoption of Recommended Cassava Production Practices by farmers in Bwari and Kuje Areas Councils, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory. An Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis Submitted to the Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. pp57 in Global Journal Scientific Journal. 6 (7):14-70 Available at>
Ebukiba, E. (2010). Economic Analysis of Cassava Production (farming) in Akwa Ibom State. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America. 1 (4) 612-614 Available at
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2004). Corporate Document Repository. The Global CassavaDevelopment Strategy. Retrieved April 16, 2013 from
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2014). Food outlook: Biannual report on global food markets. Food and agricultural organization. 32-37
Food and Agriculture Organization. (2004). A Cassava Industrial Revolution in Nigeria. The potential for a new industrial crop by Phillips, T.P., Taylor, D.S., Sanni, L., and Akoroda, M.O. (eds.) Available at>
IITA (International Institute of Tropical Agriculture) (1984). Annual report 1984. Ibadan, Nigeria.
Isienyi, N.C. and Ipeaiyeda, A.R. (2014). Heavy metal effect on well water and biodiversitynear dumpsite in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 8(2) 27-30 Available at
Jibowo, G. (2000). Essentials of Rural Sociology. Gbemi Shodipo Press Abeokuta, pp25.
Koutsoyiannis, A. (2003). Theory of Econometrics. Palgrave Publishers Limited, India
National Population Census (2006).
Odii, O. C. (2012). Socio-Economic Evaluation of Cassava Production by Women farmers in Igbo-Eze North Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Science, Research and Technology. 2 (3): 129-136.
Olukosi, J.O. and Erhabor, P.O. (1988). Introduction to Farm Management Economics: Principles and Applications. Zaria. AGITAB Publishers. Pp77-85
Okon, U.E. and Enete, A.A. (2009). Resource Use Efficiency among Urban Vegetable Farmers in Akwa Ibom State. Tropicultura. 27 (4): 211-217
Okoye, A.A. (1989). Factors Affecting Adoption Process by Farmers in Selected Local Government Areas of Anambra State, Nigeria. The Nigeria Agricultural Journal. 24 (1): 9-20
Okunade, E.O., Olaniyi, O.A. and Ogunleye (2005). Adoption of improved cassava technology among farmers in surulere local government area of Oyo state proceedings of the 39th annual conference of agriculture society of Nigerian university of benin October 9-13th pp; 15-18
Solomon, A. (2010). Estimating Welfare Effect of Modern Agricultural Technologies: A Micro-prospective from Tanzania and Ethiopia. International Crops Research Institute from Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISATS), Nairobi.
Solomon, A., Bekele, S., Franklin, S. and Mekbib, G.H. (2011). Agricultural Technology Adoption, Seed Access Constraints and Commercialization in Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 3 (9): 439-447
Swanson, B.E. and Rajalahti, R. (2010). Strengthen Agricultural Extension and Advisory Systems: Procedures for Accessing, Transforming and Evaluating Extension Systems. Agriculture and Rural Development, World Bank. Available at