Economic Analysis of Rice Production in Bende Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

E. I. Offor
T. A. Amusa
P. C. Udochukwu


The study analyzed the economics of rice production in Bende Local Government area of Abia State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study addressed the following objectives: examine the socio economic characteristics of rice farmers, identify source of input to farmers, estimate cost and return of rice production, estimate determinants of rice production and identify problems that militates against rice production in the study area. The study used primary data source for the analysis. A multistage sampling techniques was used to sample for respondents. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic, cost and return formulae and regression model. The result on socio-economics shows that the farmers were in their active stage with a mean age of 44 years, female farmers dominated rice farming, the farmers were literate with majority of the farmers attaining secondary education. On sources of input farmer association and personal sources were the major source of input for farmers in the study. On cost and return, the result shows that rice enterprise was viable. Among the factor that positively influenced rice production were farm size, chemical fertilizer, amount of credit and initial capital. Farmers identified pest and disease, and lack of access to credit as the major constrains to rice production in the study area. The study therefore recommends more farmers should join rice production since it is viable business and there is high demand for rice all over the country. More so, farmers should form cooperative society to increase their access to finances.

Article Details



Asiru ,M. A, Iye, G. A, and Olaoluwa, K.(2018) . Impacts of Rice Importation on Nigeria’s Economy. Journal of Scientific Agriculture (2) 2: 71-75.
Ben-Chendo G.N, N., Lawal and Osuji M.N.(2017 ).Cost and Returns of Paddy Rice Production in Kaduna State. European Journal of Agriculture and forestry Research 5 (3): 41-48.
Food and Agricultural Organization-FAO (2016). Rice Market Monitor, Volume XIX Issue N0.1
Gyimah-Brempong, K., Johnson, M. and Takeshima, H (2016) [Eds]. The Nigerian Rice Economy: Policy Options for Transforming Production, Marketing, and Trade. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) 2019.Grain and Feed Annual 2019 Nigeria’s Import of Wheat and Rice to Rise Gain Report Number Ng19002
Igboji, C , Anozie R.O and Nneji Chinaza, Priscilia ( 2015). Analysis of Socio-Economic Factors and Profitability of Rice Production among Small Scale Farmers in Ebonyi State. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 8 (2):20-27.
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) (2016). National Population Commission (web)
Ohen , S.B. and Ajah, E. A (2015) . Cost and Return Analysis in Small Scale Rice Production in Cross River State, Nigeria. International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science 5(1): 22-27.
Osabuohien, E., Okorie, U. and Osabohien, R. (2018). Rice Production and Processing in Ogun State, Nigeria: Qualitative Insights from Farmers’ Association. In Obayelu, E. (Eds). Food Systems Sustainability and Environmental Policies in Modern Economics (pp. 188-215), Hershey, PA: IGI Global. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3631-4.ch009.
Selbut Longtau (2003) Multi-agency Partnerships In west African Agriculture: A review and Description of Rice Production Systems in Nigeria. Rice production in Nigeria. Literature Review.
Sunday, O.A., Okezie, C. A, and Onyenkazi, H. A (2014). Determinant of Productivity Among Smallholders Rice Farmers in Bende Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Research and Technology 3(6):3-8.

West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA)/FAO/SAA.(2008) NERICA: The New Rice for Africa- a Compendium. E. A. Somado, R. G. Guei and S.O. Keya (eds.). Cotonou, Benin: Africa Ric Center (WARDA); Rome, Italy: FAO; Tokyo, Japan: Sasakawa Africa Association. 210pp