Gender-based Analysis of Rice Farmers’ Responses to Climate Change Adaptation Measures in South-East, Nigeria

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O. J. Umeh
K. C. Ekwe
O. O. Ekumankama


Impacts of climate change affect women and men differently. Therefore, assessing women and men responses to climate action is necessary in determining trend of innovation uptake for strengthening the resilience and coping strategies of the farmers to handle the challenges of a changing environment. This paper investigates comparative analysis of rice farmers’ responses to adaptation measures of climate change in South-East, Nigeria Multi-stage sampling procedure was used in selecting 360 respondents for the study. Data were obtained using structured questionnaire and analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and Z-test analysis. Results revealed that major responses exhibited by the farmers towards the use of listed adaptation measures were seeking for information based on observed changes ( = 3.0 males and ( = 3.0) females) and consulting fellow farmers for advice ( = 2.6 males and ( = 2.6). In addition, the male farmers also opt for value addition to the remaining crops ( = 2.5) while on the other hand, the female farmers prefer reverting to indigenous methods or self help methods ( = 2.5) in other to salvage their rice farms. The male farmers had higher mean score on positive perception of effects of climate change adaptation measures however; the female farmers had lower mean score. There is need therefore to provide timely information and coordinated capacity building to rice farmers along gender based identified needs and changes.   Z-test comparative analysis show no significant difference (1.67**) in responses to adaptation measures between male and female farmers. However, the study calls for gender specific climate change menace coping capacity building for the farmers among others. This will address their individual vulnerabilities, increase farmers’ resilience towards weather variability and strengthen their ability to respond positively to implementation of adaptation measures in their rice farms.

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