Extrinsic Motivation as a Strategy for Enhancing Performance of Agricultural Science Undergraduate Students in Teaching Practice and Research Project: Implications for Counseling

Main Article Content

C. N. Nwaoba


The study investigated the use of extrinsic motivation as a strategy to enhance education students’ performance in teaching practice and research project.  Descriptive survey design was adopted. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study.  A total of 100 B.Ed Agriculture undergraduates in their 300 level and 400 levels of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike made up the sample for the study. A – 24 item designed questionnaire titled Extrinsic Motivation for High Performance Questionnaire (EMHPQ) was used to collect data for the study. Mean scores and t-test statistics were used for data analysis. The findings were that extrinsic motivation strategies to a high extent could enhance the students’ performance in teaching practice and research project.  The difference in the mean ratings of the male and female undergraduates on the perceived impact of extrinsic motivation strategy was not significant.  Based on the findings, discussion, counseling implications, conclusion and recommendations were made. One of the recommendations was that professional counseling unit should be established in educational institutions (colleges/facilities) for proper sensitization of lecturers and students on the use of extrinsic motivation strategies in enhancing students performance.

Article Details



Agulanna, G. & Nwachukwu, F.J. (2001).Psychology of Learning. Putting Them into Practice Mbaise. New Version Publishers.
Agwu, S.N. (2001). Teaching in Nigeria, Basic Principles of Teaching in NTI/PDGE General Principles and Methods in Education.
Ali, A. (2006). Conducting Research in Education and the Social Sciences. Tashiwa Networks Ltd.
Bello, J.Y in NTI/PGDE (1996). General Methods In Education. NTI Module.
Deshler’ D.D., Schumsker, J.B. & Lenz, B. K. (1998). Academic and Cognitive interventions for L. D. adolescents. Part11. Journal of learning disabilities 17, 170-179.
Harter, S. (1996). Motivation, Issues and Critique. San Diego. Academic Press.
Meyer, D.G. (2002). Exploring Psychology. 5th Edition. New York Work Publishers.
Michaele U.I. & Antony P. (2007).Extrinsic Motivation in Higher Education Making Choices. Fundamentals of Educational Planning. 85.
Obi, O.P (2012). Quality Assurance and Learning Environment in Nigerian Universities. LIT Academic Journal (1), 173 – 187.
Odo, K.T.C. (2007). Essentials of Principles of Practice of Education. Nsukka Dominion Press.
Okenwa G.U. (2002) Teachers and Classroom Influence on Scholastic Motivation. Quarterly Journal of Education 4 (38) 69.
Omoregie, J. (2008). Quality Assurance in Nigeria University Education.Education, 129 (2), 8 – 20.
Oluose, V.B $ Haruna, O.N. (2008). Performance of Nigerian College of Education Graduates of Agriculture. Journal of Home Economics Research 10/9, 218.
Oluwasami, H.N. (1990). Agricultural Nigerian Economic Development. Oxford University Press, Ibadan.
Phillips, J. (2001). Development of Agriculture and Forestry in the Tropics.Cornier Cambridge University Press London.

Samtrock, W.S. (2005). Children. New York McGraw Hill Companies, Samtrock.
Ugwuanyi, C.F & Ezenwa, J.U. (2012) Challenges of SIWES in the ICT Environment Http://www.Tars.Org/Periodicals.